9 Things I Didn’t Know About Wales

When I arrived in Wales I knew almost nothing about the country. I knew of Wales’ tenuous history with England, that the Tudors were originally Welsh and of course, had heard a few bawdy jokes about “sheep-shagging.”

Beyond that I was clueless.

But luckily we had a local to show us around. Liam, my friend Lauren’s boyfriend, grew up in Wales and offered to host us for a few days at his home in northern Wales.

So one rainy morning the five of us (me, Lauren, Liam and two of their friends) set out from Lincoln and drove across the Peak District, whose wet, lonely moors made me feel I was a character in Jane Eyre.

Soon the moors became beaches, the signs featured Welsh and we were in a brand-new country.


I quickly learned that Wales is kind of like the Shire but with more castles, beaches, mountains, and slate houses. In short, Wales is a country that is equally quaint and striking, with a unique kind of Welsh charm all its own.

1. Wales is beautiful



Wales is an undoubtedly gorgeous country. As we drove south along the sea I marveled at the landscape: miles of blond-sand beaches, gorse clinging to the mountainside, ivy-clad stone sheep paddocks, rows of slate houses looking out over the sea.

And there were so many lambs! Sometimes the sheep were so far away they just looked like cream-colored dots on a hill, but up close I noticed their wool was blowing in the strong wind and that many were spray-painted with little blue circles.


2. Wales has tons of castles


As you drive in Wales it seems there’s about a castle every mile- it’s incredible.

While the only castle we visited was Harlech Castle, it sure is a beauty. Harlech Castle is a UNESCO World Heritage site that UNESCO declares is “the finest examples of late 13th century and early 14th century military architecture in Europe.”

I loved snapping photos of the corbelled towers and crumbling staircases- the castle was straight from a medieval fairytale.


What’s neat about Harlech Castle is that locals get in free. Liam joked that everyone would be able to get in free if it weren’t for the elephant in the room, “Ashley’s American accent.” Whoops.

Liam also told us tales about how the local high schoolers sneak into the castle and drink there. Why did I never party in a medieval castle in high school?

3. People die on Snowdon

As my friend’s town is so close to Snowdon, the highest mountain in Wales, I proposed that we hike it. But apparently it’s not for beginners; hikers get lost in fog there and sometimes die. Next time?

4. Everything in Wales is made of slate


After I got over the medieval castles, I noticed the abundance of slate. Apparently, the slate industry has been important in Wales since Roman times and considering how many slate mines we drove through, must still be.

Can we talk about how charming slate houses are?


5. Welsh is spoken more in the north than the south

While not everyone in the north of Wales speaks Welsh, the majority of the population are bilingual. To me Welsh sounded like the sloth from Ice Age was speaking Martian; a lispy, consonant-filled language like none I’ve ever heard.

Also, fun fact- “popty ping” means microwave in Welsh. As Liam explained onomatopoeia is a big thing in the Welsh language.

6. Lots of common last names are Welsh

Did you know Morris, Williams, and Jones are all Welsh surnames?

7. Harlech is adorable


I kind of fell in love with Liam’s tiny Welsh town on the sea. Along with an unpronounceable name, Harlech has a population of less than 2,000, a sea-breeze scent and the freshest tap water I’ve ever tasted.

As we walked about the town I realized that Liam literally knew everyone in town which definitely gave me small-town envy.


8. The Welsh sea is cold in March

Well, I suppose I could’ve guessed this.

One night we headed to the pub and after several pints, I convinced everyone to walk to the beach. But alas the glacially cold water foiled my plans to swim- I only made it to my mid-calf and decided to put my leggings back on!

And while I was shaking the sand out of my boots the next morning, the glittering stars and empty beach were worth it.

9. The Welsh language is in danger

Sadly, I think I could’ve guessed this too.

I chatted with a local Welsh guy about his perspective on the Welsh language. “The biggest mistake is that,” he said, pointing to the elementary school. “The Welsh government is forcing kids to speak Welsh at school. But if you force them, they won’t want to speak it.”

As you guys know, I’m kind of a linguistic freak and love learning about local languages. And while language preservation is something I’m very passionate about, it’s kind of an awkward cause because you can’t donate to it.

Anyhow, the Welsh guy said speaking Welsh was very important to him and he wanted his children to grow up speaking Welsh. And while he doesn’t speak Welsh with everyone in town, he said he couldn’t imagine speaking English to the WWII vet down the street.


As an aside I wanted to thank Lauren, Liam, Steve, Dylan and Liam’s family for showing me such a great time in Wales. Diolch yn fawr!

Have you ever been to Wales?

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About Ashley Fleckenstein

Ashley is a travel and lifestyle blogger who lives in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Since college she has au paired in Paris, backpacked the world solo, and lived in Uganda. Her work has been featured by Buzzfeed, Forbes, TripAdvisor, and Glamour Magazine.

15 thoughts on “9 Things I Didn’t Know About Wales”

  1. Joe and I were in Wales just before taking the ferry to Dublin for Christmas, and Joe freaking loved the place. I was distracted by the freezing winds and hail, but you know, would be happy to give it another shot. Also: they have a beer called BRAIN beer. Can’t lose.

  2. I’ve never been to Wales and, to be honest, I don’t know much about it. Man, it really does look beautiful. It’s crazy that there are so many castles there. In high school my friends and I used to gather in dirt lots and houses that were under construction to party. I can’t imagine hanging out in an old castle! And those slate houses are amazing!

  3. It looks lovely! I quickly crossed the border on my last trip the UK, but I have really not seen any of Wales. It’s definitely on my list next time I get over to the UK, it looks stunning!

  4. I love this post! I just got back from studying in Northern Wales for a semester, and the nostalgia’s starting to kick in. You pretty much nailed it- Wales is beautiful, unique and underrated. The north especially is beautiful (if you can get a clear day, Mt. Snowdon is definitely worth hiking). I’m glad you had a good time and got to talk with the locals. :)

  5. Sounded like you had a wonderful time! I was actually born in Wales, but haven’t ever really returned to it and learned about my birth country! You kinda inspired me a bit! it looks so beautiful!

  6. It looks like you had a wonderful experience in Wales. I’ve never really thought of Wales as the Shire, but I suppose that you are right :) I wonder, if you live there, do you just get accustomed to having castles dot your surroundings? I suppose you do.

  7. I certainly didn’t knew anything about Wales either. Apart from the gorgeous scenery! I didn’t think their language would be so different from English! I Loved the slate houses! So different to everything I’ve seen before.

  8. Wales has never been on my travel radar before, but I think it just might be now! I’d never given the country much thought before but it looks like a very unique and cozy place–and it reminds me a lot of Spain’s region of Galicia, what with the beautiful countryside, freezing cold water, and minority language. In the eastern part of Galicia, coincidentally enough, slate is also a huge industry, and houses there all have slate shingles (in contrast with the usual clay tiles you see everywhere else in the country).

    I’m a big history nerd so I’d love to visit all of those castles. Remember, Wales was essentially annexed by England in the Middle Ages, so the English built a bajillion castles to subjugate the country. A rather gruesome origin for what looks to be some super cool castles!

    Thanks for sharing, and as always you have beautiful pictures :)

  9. Have I been to Wales? Yep!

    Wales, as you have seen, is a lovely, quaint country. And I loved it! We took our family holiday there in 2010. We flew into Bristol and then picked up a car in Cardiff. We travelled to the mountains, went horse-riding in the Brecon Becon Mountains, went to Hay-on-Wye for the book festival. That was brilliant!

    We also went to one of the largest castles in Wales (they filmed part of Narnia there!), we went to Angleysey on the coast, and beautiful Pembrokshire where we went on a walking tour in the hills and valleys and we were the only tourists from England!

    I can’t wait to go back to Wales again!

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